Living in the desert, a small Chameleon lurks around looking for food and water, changing the colour of its skin whenever it likes. With parrot like feet, it has eyes that can look in both directions at the same time. Chameleon are found in North America, Europe, Asia And Africa in rainforests and deserts. What colours could they be? you may ask. Well, a chameleon can be pink, blue, red, orange, green, black, brown, light blue, yellow, turquoise and purple.
Chameleons don't just have weird eyes they also have an extremely long tongue that can grab food from 3 - 4 metres far away from them. The Chameleon mostly eats crickets but it's just to boring having the same meal every single day so chameleons also eat live flies, roaches, grasshoppers, spiders and mealworms. For a long time scientist thought they knew chameleons change colour to camouflage and avoid its predators. After studying them for many years we now know this isn’t true as chameleons can actually run really fast, up to 21 miles per hour. So the truth has been revealed for the very first time in history… Chameleons actually change colour to regulate their temperature. Chameleons when they are cold they change their colour to a light colour and it absorbs the light and makes the temperature go lower which makes the chameleon feel comfortable in summer or winter and if it is to hot they will most likely use a darker colour again to absorb the heat and make the chameleon colder.
Chameleons are not insects they are in fact lizards. Scientists, yes the smartest people, well nearly the smartest people in the world have found out the other real truth behind chameleons changing colour. The second reason why chameleons change colour to reflect their mood. If they change to a darker colour this would mean they are angry. A lighter colour would mean a good mood or they are trying to attract a mate.
How does a chameleon change its colour?
What we really need to know is how they change colour. Chameleons have a special layer of cells - called iridophores - under their skin. These cells, which contain pigment and reflect light, and are made up of hundreds and thousands of guanine crystals. Chameleons can relax or excite their skin, causing these special cells to move and change the structure when this happens, these cells act like prisms reflecting different wavelengths of light to create the variety of tones we see. The amount of species are very high there are at least 160 different types of Chameleon.